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Step 3 - Customize the front page

In this step you will create the global layout of your site, and display content using custom templates.

First, go to the root of the site (<yourdomain>). You should see the root folder of the clean install, without any kind of layout. You will customize this step by instructing Platform to use a custom template to render this Content item.

Content rendering configuration

To use a custom template when rendering the root content, create a content_view configuration block for ezpublish.

Edit app/config/ezplatform.yml. At the end, add the following block (pay attention to indentation: content_view should be one level below site_group):

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ezpublish:
    system:
        site_group:
            # existing keys, do not change them
            content_view:
                full:
                    root_folder:
                        template: 'full/root_folder.html.twig'
                        match:
                            Id\Location: 2

This tells eZ Platform to use the template when rendering content with Location ID 2. 2 is the default Location for the root Content item.

Id\Location is one of several view matchers that you can use to customize rendering depending on different criteria.

Clear the cache

Each time you change the YAML files, you should clear the cache. It's not mandatory in dev environment.

To clear the cache:

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$ php app/console cache:clear

Create main layout

Create the first template

Next, you need to create the template that you indicated in configuration.

For the time being, fill the template with a basic "Hello world" message.

Create a root_folder.html.twig file in app/Resources/views/full:

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<div>
    <h1>Hello World!</h1>
</div>

Refresh the page and you will see a simple, unstyled version of the message.

Add the site's main layout

Most sites have a general layout which includes things like header with a logo or footer. It is displayed on every page, and the content of the page is placed inside it.

To add a template like this to your site, create a main_layout.html.twig file in app/Resources/views and paste the following code into it:

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<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

    <head>
        <meta charset="utf-8">
        <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
        <meta name="description" content="eZ Platform beginner tutorial">

        <title>eZ Platform Beginner Tutorial</title>

        {% stylesheets 'assets/css/*' filter='cssrewrite' %}
            <link rel="stylesheet" href="{{ asset_url }}" />
        {% endstylesheets %}

        <link href='http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Oswald' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'>
        <link href='http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Roboto+Slab' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'>
        <link href='http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Fjalla+One' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'>
    </head>

    <body>
        <!-- Navigation -->
        <nav class="navbar navbar-default navbar-fixed-top" id="total-navbar">
            <div class="container">
                <!-- Brand and toggle -->
                <div class="navbar-header page-scroll">
                    <a class="navbar-brand" href="/">
                        <img alt="Brand" src="{{ asset('assets/images/logo.png') }}">
                    </a>
                </div>
            </div>
        </nav>

        <!-- Header -->
        <header class="below-navbar">
            <div class="container">
                <div class="row" id="banner">
                    <div class="col-xs-12">
                        <div class="banner-header-block">
                            <img alt="Go Bike! logo" src="{{ asset('assets/images/wordmark.png') }}" style="width:100%" />
                            <h3 class="banner-header">{{ 'Discover new rides! Go Bike!'|trans }}</h3>
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </header>

        <section>
            <div class="container">
                <div class="row regular-content-size">
                    <div class="col-xs-12 box-style">
                        {% block content %}
                        {% endblock %}
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </section>

        <!-- Footer -->
        <footer class="text-center">
            <div class="footer-color-one">
            </div>
            <div class="footer-color-two">
                <div class="container">
                    <div class="row regular-content-size">
                        <div class="col-xs-8 col-xs-offset-2 footer-links-block">
                            <ul class="list-inline footer-links">
                                <li><a href="#">{{ 'About Us'|trans }}</a></li>
                                <li><a href="/">{{ 'All Rides'|trans }}</a></li>
                                <li><a href="#">{{ 'Submit a Ride'|trans }}</a></li>
                                <li><a href="#">{{ 'My Account'|trans }}</a></li>
                                <li><a href="#">{{ 'FAQ'|trans }}</a></li>
                            </ul>
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="footer-color-three">
                <div class="container">
                    <div class="row">
                        <div class="col-xs-12">
                            <p class="small">Website design &#38; content © copyright {{ "now"|date("Y") }} eZ Systems. This website was made with eZ Platform</p>
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </footer>

        {% javascripts 'assets/js/jquery.min.js'
                        'assets/js/*' %}
            <script src="{{ asset_url }}"></script>
        {% endjavascripts %}

    </body>
</html>

For now the site has no stylesheets or assets. In the highlighted lines (12-14, 89-92) the template points to the path to store asset files, such as CSS stylesheets, JS scripts and images.

Tip

This code goes through all files in web/assets/css and web/assets/js and loads them as stylesheets and JS scripts respectively. See Symfony assetic doc for more information.

Download assets.zip which contains the prepared asset files. Then unpack its contents to the web/assets/ directory, so that the structure looks like this:

File structure

Extending templates

Now you need to indicate that the app/Resources/views/full/root_folder.html.twig template should make use of the page layout. Edit root_folder.html.twig and replace it with the following code:

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{% extends "main_layout.html.twig" %}

{% block content %}
    <div class="col-xs-10 col-xs-offset-1 text-justified">
        <h1>Hello World!</h1>
    </div>
{% endblock %}

The templating language Twig supports template inheritance. Templates can contain named blocks. Any template can extend other templates, and modify the blocks defined by its parents.

The code above points to main_layout.html.twig in line 1. It also wraps your "Hello world" message in a content block. If you look back at the main layout template, you can see an empty {% block content %}{% endblock %} section (lines 52-53). This is where the root_folder.html.twig will be rendered.

Refresh the page and you should now see the "Hello world" placed inside a styled layout.

Homepage with a Hello world

Tip

If you are in prod environment, you need to regenerate the web assets. Run the following command:

php app/console assetic:dump --env=prod web ​

Clear the cache

Each time you change the templates, you should clear the cache. It's not mandatory in dev environment.

To clear the cache:

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$ php app/console cache:clear

At this point, the template is static. It doesn't render any dynamic data from the Repository.

You'll render a list of all Rides here in the next step. But before that, you can use the existing page layout to render the content of a single Ride.

Render a single Ride

Create the Ride view

Create a Twig template app/Resources/views/full/ride.html.twig with the following code:

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{% extends "main_layout.html.twig" %}
{% block content %}
<div class="col-xs-10 col-xs-offset-1 text-justified">
    <section>
        <div class="row regular-content-size">
            <div class="col-xs-12">
                <h3 class="center bottom-plus new-header">{{ ez_content_name( content ) }}</h2>
            </div>
        </div>
    </section>
    <section>
        <div class="row regular-content-size">
            <div class="row">
                <div class="col-xs-6">
                    <h4 class="underscore">{{ 'Starting point'|trans }}</h4>
                    {{ ez_render_field(content, 'starting_point', {'parameters': { 'width': '100%', height: '200px', 'showMap': true, 'showInfo': false }}) }}
                </div>
                <div class="col-xs-6">
                    <h4 class="underscore">{{ 'Ending point'|trans }}</h4>
                    {{ ez_render_field(content, 'ending_point', {'parameters': { 'width': '100%', height: '200px', 'showMap': true, 'showInfo': false }}) }}
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </section>
    <section>
        <div class="row regular-content-size">
            <div class="col-xs-12 padding-box">
                <div class="col-xs-2">
                    <div class="box-ride">
                        <p class="special-number">{{ ez_render_field( content, 'length') }} km</p>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="col-xs-8">
                    <h4 class="underscore">{{ 'Description:'|trans }}'</h4>
                    {{ ez_render_field( content, 'description') }}
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </section>
</div>
{% endblock %}

This template reuses main_layout.html.twig and again places the template in a content block. Now you need to indicate when this template should be used.

Note

When pasting YAML code, pay attention to indentation and levels. The code blocks shown here include the full structure of the YAML file to help you learn where to place new blocks. Be careful not to duplicate existing keys, because YAML does not allow it.

Go back to app/config/ezplatform.yml and add the following configuration (under the existing content_view and full keys:):

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site_group:
    content_view:
        full:
            # existing keys, do not change them
            ride:
                template: 'full/ride.html.twig'
                match:
                    Identifier\ContentType: 'ride'

This tells the application to use this template whenever it renders the full view of a Ride.

Check the Ride full view

Because you do not have a list of Rides on the front page yet, you cannot simply click a Ride to preview it. But you still can see how the template works in two ways:

Preview in the Back Office

You can use the preview while editing in the Back Office to see how the content will be rendered in full view.

Full ride preview in admin

Go to the Ride page

You can also go directly to the URL of a Ride. The URL for viewing a specific Content item is http://<yourdomains>/view/content/<ContentId>/<language>/full/true/<LocationId>.

You can find the Content ID and the Location ID of your Ride in the Admin, under the Details tab.

Details tab for Location ID

An example URL is http://127.0.0.1:8000/view/content/53/eng-GB/full/true/55, where 53 is the Content ID and 55 is the Location ID of the Ride.

Read the Docs