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Step 2 - Prepare the Page

Tip

You can find all files used and modified in this step on GitHub.

In this step you'll prepare and configure your front page, together with its layout and templates.

Create Page layout

Go to the front page of your website (<yourdomain>). You can see that it looks unfinished. (You can, however, still use the menu and look around the existing content in the website).

It's a Dog's World - Starting point

Tip

At any point in the tutorial if you don't see the results of your last actions, try clearing the cache and regenerating assets:

php bin/console cache:clear

php bin/console assets:install

Log in to the Back Office. Go to Content > Content Structure. The Home Content item is the first page that is shown to the visitor. Here you can check what Content Type it belongs to: it is a Landing Page.

Home Content item is a Landing Page

The page contains one Tag block and is displayed without any template. Now go to the Page tab. This is the mode that enables you to work with Pages. Click Edit and you will see that the Home Page has only one zone with the block.

Empty Page with default layout

The design for the website you are making needs a layout with two zones: a main column and a narrower sidebar. eZ Enterprise provides only a one-zone default layout, so you need to create a new one.

Preparing a new layout requires three things:

  • entry in configuration
  • thumbnail 
  • template 

Create entry in configuration

First create a new file for layout configuration, app/config/layouts.yml:

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ezplatform_page_fieldtype:
    layouts:
        sidebar:
            identifier: 'sidebar'
            name: 'Right sidebar'
            description: 'Main section with sidebar on the right'
            thumbnail: '/assets/images/layouts/sidebar.png'
            template: 'layouts/sidebar.html.twig'
            zones:
                first:
                    name: 'First zone'
                second:
                    name: 'Second zone'

Creating the file is not enough, you also need to tell the app to read and use it. Add the following line to app/config/config.yml, at the end of the imports block:

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- { resource: layouts.yml }

Add thumbnail

Tip

For a detailed description of creating a Landing Page layout, see Landing Page layouts:

The sidebar (line 3) is the internal key of the layout. name (line 5) is displayed in the interface when the user selects a layout. The thumbnail (line 7) points to an image file that is shown when creating a new Landing Page next to the name. Use the supplied thumbnail file and place it in the web/assets/images/layouts/ folder.

The template (line 8) points to the Twig file containing the template for this layout.

Create Page template

Configuration points to sidebar.html.twig as the template for the layout. The template defines what zones will be available in the layout.

Create an app/Resources/views/layouts/sidebar.html.twig file:

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<div class="landing-page__zones">
    <main class="landing-page__zone landing-page__zone--{{ zones[0].id }} col-xs-8" data-ez-zone-id="{{ zones[0].id }}">
        {% if zones[0].blocks %}
            {% set locationId = parameters.location is not null ? parameters.location.id : contentInfo.mainLocationId %}

            {% for block in zones[0].blocks %}
                <div class="landing-page__block block_{{ block.type }}" data-ez-block-id="{{ block.id }}">
                    {{ render_esi(controller('EzPlatformPageFieldTypeBundle:Block:render', {
                        'locationId': locationId,
                        'contentId': contentInfo.id,
                        'blockId': block.id,
                        'versionNo': versionInfo.versionNo,
                        'languageCode': field.languageCode
                    })) }}
                </div>
            {% endfor %}
        {% endif %}
    </main>
    <aside class="landing-page__zone landing-page__zone--{{ zones[1].id }} col-xs-4" data-ez-zone-id="{{ zones[1].id }}">
        {% if zones[1].blocks %}
            {% set locationId = parameters.location is not null ? parameters.location.id : contentInfo.mainLocationId %}

            {% for block in zones[1].blocks %}
                <div class="landing-page__block block_{{ block.type }}" data-ez-block-id="{{ block.id }}">
                    {{ render_esi(controller('EzPlatformPageFieldTypeBundle:Block:render', {
                        'locationId': locationId,
                        'contentId': contentInfo.id,
                        'blockId': block.id,
                        'versionNo': versionInfo.versionNo,
                        'languageCode': field.languageCode
                    })) }}
                </div>
            {% endfor %}
        {% endif %}
    </aside>
</div>

The above template creates two columns and defines their widths. Each column is at the same time a zone, and each zone renders the blocks that it contains.

Tip

In sites with multiple layouts you can separate the rendering of zones into a separate zone.html.twig template to avoid repeating the same code in every layout.

Note

A zone in a layout template must have the data-ez-zone-id attribute (lines 2 and 19). A block must have the data-ez-block-id attribute (lines 7 and 20)

With these three elements: configuration, thumbnail and template, the new layout is ready to use.

Change Home Page layout

Now you can change the Home Page to use the new layout. In Page mode edit Home, open the options menu and select Switch layout. Choose the new layout called "Main section with sidebar on the right". The empty zones you defined in the template will be visible in the editor.

Select layout window

Tip

If the new layout is not available when editing the Page, you may need to clear the cache (using php app/console cache:clear) and/or reload the app.

Empty page with new layout

You can also remove the block with "eZ Studio". Hover over it and select the trash icon from the menu.

Publish the Home Page. You will notice that it still has some additional text information. This is because the looks of a Page are controller by two separate template files, and you have only prepared one of those. The sidebar.html.twig file defines how zones are organized and how content is displayed in them. But you also need a general template file that will be used for every Page, regardless of its layout.

Add this new template, app/Resources/views/full/landing_page.html.twig:

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{% extends 'pagelayout.html.twig' %}

{% block content %}
    <div class="col-md-12">
        {{ ez_render_field(content, 'page') }}
    </div>
{% endblock %}

This template simply renders the page content. If there is any additional content or formatting you would like to apply to every Page, it should be placed in this template.

Now you need to tell the app to use this template to render Pages. Edit the app/config/views.yml file and add the following code under the full: key:

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landing_page:
    template: 'full/landing_page.html.twig'
    match:
        Identifier\ContentType: 'landing_page'

After adding this template you can check the new Page. The part between menu and footer should be empty, because you have not added any content to it yet.

Empty Page

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